Today there was an article in the Charleston Gazette about the Mark Plants mess in Kanawha County.
On Wednesday, Judge Duke Bloom barred Prosecutor Mark Plants’ office from handling cases involving child abuse and neglect, violent crimes against children by their parent, guardian or custodian and criminal violations of protective orders . . . .
The ruling is in response to a petition from the city of Charleston asking that Plants be disqualified from hearing cases brought by the Charleston Police Department.
Lawyers with the state Office of Disciplinary Counsel filed a petition with the state Supreme Court asking that Plants be immediately suspended or disqualified from prosecuting domestic-violence cases involving parents and minor children. The ODC’s petition said Plants’ belief that the allegations against him aren’t a crime creates a conflict of interest for his office. The Supreme Court has scheduled a hearing on the matter for May 5.
So you have a city applying to a judge to disqualify the elected prosecutor from hearing certain cases, based on pending criminal charges. Domestic violence accusations pop up from time to time in the personal lives of police officers. The MO, in my experience, is that they are disarmed and given a desk job until the situation is resolved. I wonder if the employer, e.g., the City of XYZ, has ever sought to protect the rights of the alleged victims/accusers in domestic violence cases where the investigating officers have had their own history of accusations? And do they have standing to even have a say in the matter? After all, the county prosecutor is a position elected by the citizens of the county. Also, what about all the people who have previously been prosecuted for these types of crimes by Mr. Plants, or his office? Do they now have some right to have their case reopened, or thrown out?
Cell phones are increasingly becoming a primary component of any encounter between police and civilians. Along with that comes the warrantless seizure of cell phones. After all, they hold great evidentiary value from a law enforcement perspective. Neither the Fourth Circuit, nor the U.S. Supreme Court, has yet taken a position on whether there is a First Amendment (and therefore Fourth Amendment) right to videotape police officers. This isn’t exactly the same issue, since it mostly deals with seizing and searching cell phones incident to an arrest. But, the issue is the same when the person filming is arrested, at which point their phone will be seized.
When the phone is seized can the officers go through the phone without first obtaining a warrant? There is a very well written post on this topic from the Alabama Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Law Review blog, written by Lacy Triplett. She opined that:
The Court may take the approach of the majority of circuit courts and find that a cell phone is a container, which can be searched incident to arrest so long as the search is limited in scope and contemporaneous to the arrest. Or, the Court may take the approach of the First Circuit in Wurieand find that the privacy interests in an individual’s cell phone greatly outweigh the government’s need to immediately search a cell phone without first securing a warrant.
In any event, you know that right now across the country, police officers go through the cell phones of arrestees, where they find valuable information such as, every text message conversation the person had in the last year – or even their email history. They also contain photos, videos – you name it. Those practices, and law enforcement training, is going to depend on the outcome of Wurie.
Former Prosecuting Attorney of Pocahontas County Indicted. Update: Kanawha Prosecuting Attorney also charged and currently “embattled”.
I don’t usually post many news headlines anymore, unless they involve my cases. But, here goes.
The former prosecuting attorney of Pocahontas County, West Virginia, Donna Price, was just indicted. She joins another now-former elected prosecuting attorney in West Virginia in recent prosecutor indictments (Michael Sparks out of Mingo County). Prosecutors all over the state are probably loosening their collars.
Apparently she is being charged with embezzlement. I have no idea what actually happened, so I’ll just point out that she is innocent until proven guilty.
And I have posted about her before. In one of my most popular posts ever – from back in 2009 – Cops and Prosecutors Part Deux.
Just as a side note: the former assistant prosecuting attorney of Pocahontas County mentioned in the “Part Deux” post, J.L. Clifton, was also indicted last year, as per this article.
Edited to add: Also, if you didn’t get your fill of reading about West Virginia prosecutors who are being prosecuted, check out these articles about Kanawha County Prosecuting Attorney Mark Plants. Yes he is being prosecuted. No he won’t resign.
Maybe it’s time for Cops and Prosecutors Part III – 2014 Update.
I just went back through the Sawyer v. Asbury opinion in this post on the Use of Force Source. If you have followed the case on this blog, it’s interesting to take a step back and analyze the Court’s ruling as it finds its place in Fourth Circuit excessive force case law.
On the Use of Force Source, I just posted my write-up on a fairly recent Fourth Circuit case involving a homeowner who was shot by police while investigating a disturbance outside his home. If you’re interested:
I also recently posted a write-up on another recent Fourth Circuit opinion involving excessive force and bystander liability (e.g., where a group of officers allegedly beat someone and the victim doesn’t know who did what):
I started a new website called “Use of Force Source” at UseofForceSource.com. The purpose is to establish an online resource to discuss and compile Fourth Circuit federal case law, and U.S. Supreme Court case law on the use of physical force – both police situations and self defense situations. I have already listed a bunch of black letter law on excessive force in the Fourth Circuit (so Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina and South Carolina). It will be a blog format, and will be specific to use of force cases. My intention is to post about specific cases, going over the facts, as well as the law. I also like to listen to the oral argument audio since it gives you much more insight into the case and the reasoning behind the Court’s decisions.
I already posted my first post today, discussing the November of 2013 Fourth Circuit opinion from Ayala v. Wolfe, which was a police shooting case.
I am co-presenting a legal seminar on April 28, 2014 in Charleston, West Virginia on “Advanced Police Liability Claims.” I will be the only plaintiff’s attorney presenting. I will be discussing some interesting areas of the law, including the current hot topics of videotaping police officers, the rights to medical care for those in police custody, and police inaction.
Especially for lawyers who need those CLE credits, this is going to be a good one to attend. Would you rather learn about subrogation and underinsurance claims, or the law of police/citizen interactions?
You can learn more and register here.
For those of you who like to follow cases and not just read headlines about the allegations, I wanted to provide an update on the Matthew Cole case. It was recently settled, having just been finalized yesterday. It was originally filed in December 13, 2012. That is about average from filing to settlement/trial. It was scheduled to go to trial on March 13, 2014.
All discovery had been completed, including many depositions. And all dispositive motions, and pretrial motions, had been briefed. So anyone thinking that these are quick and easy cases to settle would be mistaken. Most of these cases (and this one was certainly no exception) are hard-fought and highly contested.
- Civil Liability
- Computer Crimes
- Concealed Weapons
- Criminal Records
- Denial of Medical Care
- Domestic Violence
- Excessive Force
- Forensic Labs
- Governmental Liability
- Grand Juries
- History Series
- John H. Bryan
- Judicial Misconduct
- Law Office Tech
- Law School
- Media Coverage
- Medical Examiners
- Money Laundering
- motions for change of venue
- Negligent Homicide
- Plea Agreements
- Police Misconduct
- Preliminary Hearings
- Pretrial Hearings
- Right to Speedy Trial
- Searches and Seizures
- Self Defense
- Sex Crimes
- Sex Offender Registration
- State Agencies
- United Bank Lawsuit
- Vehicular Crimes
- West Virginia Concealed Carry Laws
- West Virginia Gun Laws
- White Collar Crime
- Wildlife Violations